Cambodia’s 2030 and 2050 visions can only be realised by exploiting the potential of new technologies to upgrade and diversify its economy.
Cambodia has made important progress: its economy has grown at rates above 7% since 2011, and the share of people living in poverty has more than halved in the last decade. The Royal Government of Cambodia’s (RGC) Rectangular Strategy sets out the vision to become an upper-middle-income country by 2030 and a high-income country by 2050. As recognised in the Industrial Development Policy (IDP) 2015–2025, this vision can only be achieved if new technologies are leveraged to increase industrial value added, diversify exports and strengthen small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
This report focuses on the opportunities and challenges arising from Industry 4.0, and the policy options required to harness its potential in Cambodia. Conceived by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), this investigation aims to support ongoing efforts in Cambodia by more closely investigating how the adaptation and adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies could help address constraints to sustainable industrial development in Cambodia. The investigation draws upon consultations with local public and private sector stakeholders, brings together both technological and economic perspectives, and reviews the latest academic and policy evidence on the topic of Industry 4.0.